SPOILER: At first Milos Forman didn`t want the fishing scene. He thought it would be more effective if the whole film was shot on the ward, so that when Chief Bromden escapes, it`d be more dramatic.
SPOILER: There is a rumor that Jack Nicholson underwent ECT therapy during the scene where his character does.
Jack Nicholson and the film`s composer Jack Nitzsche were both born on April 22, 1937.
To call Ken Kesey`s time at the VA hospital in Palo Alto is misleading. While a graduate student in Creative Writing at Stanford, he volunteered for experiments on the effects of LSD - which gave rise to the many surreal parts of the novel (deleted, along with the narrator`s role, by Milos Forman). Kesey`s experience with LSD led to the legendary bus trips, the Trips Festival, and all the events chronicled in Tom Wolfe`s The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test.
Second of only three films to win every major Academy Award, including Best Picture.
The play opened on Broadway in New York City, New York, USA on 13 November 1963 and closed on 25 January 1964 after 82 performances. The opening night cast included Kirk Douglas as R.P. McMurphy, William Daniels as Dale Harding and Gene Wilder as Billy Bibbit.
Jack Nicholson took a percentage of the profits in lieu of a small salary for a modestly budgeted film. The move paid off when the picture went on to gross well over $120 million dollars.
Christopher Lloyd`s film debut.
A portion of the original NBC Radio broadcast of Game 2 of the 1963 World Series was used for the scene where the orderlies are listening to the game on the radio. Hall of Fame baseball announcer Ernie Harwell can be heard on the broadcast.
Co-producer Michael Douglas scouted various West Coast locations, and chose Oregon State Hospital because superintendent Dean Brooks, MD, agreed to give the filmmakers unlimited access.
Neither the film nor Ken Kesey`s 1962 novel made specific reference to Oregon State Hospital. Kesey was inspired by his experiences working at a veterans` hospital in California, and set his novel at an unnamed institution in Oregon.
Louise Fletcher was in preparation to begin filming Nashville (1975) while Lily Tomlin was set to play Nurse Ratched. Ultimately the two actresses switched their roles in the two films.
During the EST scene, McMurphy says "A little dab will do ya" as the nurse is putting conductor gel on the side of his head. This phrase, not in the original script, is a reference to the advertising jingle of Brylcreem hair cream, which was a popular hair care product for men in the 1960s and 1970s.
Kirk Douglas starred in the 1963 Broadway production after buying the film rights prior to publication; he later passed the film rights to his son Michael Douglas, but kept a percentage of the profits. Every major studio had declined to make the film during the period he was trying to star in it. Kirk had met Milos Forman in Prague while on a State Department tour and promised to send him the book after deciding he would be a good director for the film; the book never arrived, probably confiscated by censors of the Czech government, which was Communist at the time. Ken Kesey wrote a screenplay for the production, but Forman rejected it because Kesey insisted on keeping Chief Bromden`s first-person narration.
Will Sampson, who plays Chief Bromden, was a park ranger in Oregon in a park near where the movie was filmed. He was selected for the part because he was the only Native American the Casting Department could find who matched the character`s incredible size.
Louise Fletcher was so upset with the fact that the other actors could laugh and be happy while she had to be so cold and heartless that near the end of production she removed her dress and stood in only her panties to prove to the actors she was not "a cold-hearted monster".
Milos Forman had considered Shelley Duvall for the role of Candy. While screening Thieves Like Us (1974) to see if she was right for the role, he became interested in Louise Fletcher, who had a supporting role, and decided to cast her as Nurse Ratched.
Rumors that production shut down because Jack Nicholson had hair plugs implanted are false (this can be verified by actually looking at his scalp). The story, as related by production designer Paul Sylbert, was that Nicholson and director Milos Forman had very different ideas about how the narrative should play out; for example, Forman thought that the ward should be in bedlam when McMurphy showed up and Nicholson posited that his character would have absolutely no effect on the mental patients if they were already riled up, which would have negated the purpose of his character and therefore much of the plot. Nicholson and Forman both refused to give an inch, each believing he was right and the other was wrong. The "two months" that Nicholson was supposed to have disappeared was actually closer to two weeks, and he didn`t "disappear". In actuality, Nicholson spearheaded a coup among the other actors and refused to let Forman run rehearsals, running them himself instead. During production, Nicholson and Forman spoke to each other through the cinematographer, but faked a friendly relationship when the media and studio personnel would show up to the set. This is one explanation why Nicholson doesn`t appear on any of the DVD special features.
During filming, a crew member running cables left a second story window open at the Oregon State Mental Hospital and an actual patient climbed through the bars and fell to the ground, injuring himself. The next day The Statesman Journal in Salem, Oregon reported the incident with the headline on the front page "One flew OUT of the cuckoo`s nest".
In 2007, the American Film Institute ranked this as the #33 Greatest Movie of All Time.
Lily Tomlin wanted to play Nurse Ratched, but was committed at the time to Nashville (1975).
The musical theme by Jack Nitzsche played during the opening and closing was based on the chord structure of the song "Please Release Me".
According to Michael Douglas, director Milos Forman had his heart set on Burt Reynolds to play the part of McMurphy.
During most of the film`s shooting, William Redfield was ill. He died several years after the film was completed.
Author Ken Kesey was so bitter about the way the filmmakers were "butchering" his story that he vowed never to watch the completed film and even sued the movie`s producers because it wasn`t shown from Chief Bromden`s perspective (as the novel is). Years later, he claimed to be lying in bed flipping through TV channels when he settled onto a late-night movie that looked sort of interesting, only to realize after a few minutes that it was this film. He then changed channels.
Though veteran cinematographer Haskell Wexler is credited here as DP, he was actually replaced by Bill Butler early in the shoot due to various creative differences with producer Michael Douglas.
This was the second film to win the grand slam of the Oscars: Best Picture, Best Director (Milos Forman), Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Actor and Best Actress. The first was It Happened One Night (1934), four decades earlier.
Marlon Brando and Gene Hackman were offered the McMurphy role before Jack Nicholson.
The fishing trip sequence was filmed at Depoe Bay, Oregon - the smallest harbor in the world.
This story was based on author Ken Kesey`s experiences while working at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Palo Alto, California.
Louise Fletcher only realized that the part of Nurse Ratched was a hotly contested role among all the leading actresses of the day when a reporter visiting the set happened to casually mention it.
Colleen Dewhurst, Geraldine Page, Anne Bancroft, Ellen Burstyn, Jane Fonda, and Angela Lansbury were all offered the role of Nurse Ratched.
Cameo: [Anjelica Huston] Jack Nicholson`s one-time girlfriend appears as one of the crowd on the pier as the fishing excursion returns.
Cameo: [Saul Zaentz] [- the film`s producer appears as a man at the inmates` bus outing.]
Kirk Douglas, who owned the rights, planned to star himself, but by the time they got around to making the film he was too old.
Film debuts of Brad Dourif (who received a "Best Supporting Actor" Academy Award nomination), Christopher Lloyd and Will Sampson, as well as Tom McCall (former governor of Oregon) and Dr. Dean R. Brooks, superintendent of the Oregon State Hospital in Salem, the film`s main shooting location.
The script called for McMurphy to leap on a guard and kiss him when first arriving at the hospital. During filming, director Milos Forman decided that the guard`s reaction wasn`t strong enough and told Nicholson to jump on the other guard instead. This surprised the actor playing the second guard greatly, and in some versions he can be seen punching Nicholson.
Director Milos Forman relied heavily on reaction shots to pull more characters into scenes. In some group therapy scenes, there were ten minutes of Jack Nicholson`s reactions filmed even if he had very little dialogue. The shot of Louise Fletcher looking icily at Nicholson after he returns from shock therapy was actually her irritated reaction to a piece of direction from Forman.
With the exception of the fishing segment (which was filmed last), the film was shot in sequence.
Mel Lambert, who played the harbor master, was a local businessman rather than an actor; he had a strong relationship with Native Americans throughout the area, and it was he who suggested Will Sampson for the role of Chief Bromden.
Before shooting began, director Milos Forman screened the film Titicut Follies (1967) for the cast to help them get a feel for life in a mental institution.
Most of Jack Nicholson`s scene with Dean R. Brooks upon arriving at the hospital was improvised - including his slamming a stapler, asking about a fishing photo, and discussing his r*pe conviction; Brooks`s reactions were authentic.
The cast and crew had to become accustomed to working with extras and supporting crew members who were inmates at the Oregon State Mental Hospital; each member of the professional cast and crew inevitably worked closely with at least two or three mental patients.
Danny DeVito reprised his performance from a 1971 off-Broadway revival.
Louise Fletcher was signed a week before filming began, after auditioning repeatedly over six months; director Milos Forman had told her each time that she just wasn`t approaching the part correctly, but kept calling her back.
Many extras were authentic mental patients.
Kirk Douglas possessed the movie rights for a long time, before his son Michael Douglas finally started the project.
The role of McMurphy (played by Jack Nicholson) was originally offered to James Caan
McMurphy: A little dab`ll do ya.
Nurse Ratched: Aren`t you ashamed?
Billy: No, I`m not.
[Applause from friends]
Nurse Ratched: You know Billy, what worries me is how your mother is going to take this.
Billy: Um, um, well, y-y-y-you d-d-d-don`t have to t-t-t-tell her, Miss Ratched.
Nurse Ratched: I don`t have to tell her? Your mother and I are old friends. You know that.
Billy: P-p-p-please d-d-don`t tell my m-m-m-mother.